Political Status: Unified state proclaimed in 1861; republic established by national referendum in 1946; under parliamentary constitution effective January 1, 1948.
Area: 116,303 sq. mi. (301,225 sq. km).
Population: 60,978,568 (2014E—UN); 61,680,122 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2012E): ROME (2,639,000), Milan (1,262,000), Naples (959,000), Turin (872,000), Palermo (655,000), Genoa (582,000).
Official Language: Italian (German is also official in Trentino-Alto Adige).
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate October 1, 2014: 0.79 euro = $1US).
President of the Republic: Giorgio NAPOLITANO (Democrats of the Left) elected by the electoral college on May 8–10, 2006, and inaugurated on May 15 for a seven-year term, succeeding Carlo Azeglio CIAMPI (independent). Reelected on April 20, 2013, and inaugurated on April 22.
President of the Council of Ministers: (Prime Minister): Matteo RENZI (Democratic Party), nominated by the ...