Political Status: Independent kingdom created in 1000; republic proclaimed in 1946; Communist People’s Republic established August 20, 1949; pre-Communist name revived as one of a number of constitutional changes approved on October 18, 1989.
Area: 35,919 sq. mi. (93,030 sq. km).
Population: 10,311,664 (2014E—UN); 9,919,128 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2011): BUDAPEST (1,740,000), Debrecen (208,000), Szeged (168,000), Miskolc (168,000), Pécs (156,000), Györ (131,000).
Official Language: Hungarian.
Monetary Unit: Forint (official rate October 1, 2014: 246.02 forints = $1US).
President: János ÁDER; elected (as the candidate of the Federation of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Alliance and the Christian Democratic People’s Party [FiDeSz-MPP]) in first-round balloting by the National Assembly on May 2, 2010, sworn in for a five-year term [Page 619]on May 2 and assumed office on May 10, succeeding Pál SCHMITT (FiDeSz-MPP).