Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras
Political Status: Part of the independent Captaincy General of Guatemala, 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate republic established 1839; present constitution promulgated January 20, 1982, following a decade of military rule.
Area: 43,277 sq. mi. (112,088 sq. km).
Population: 8,414,199 (2014E—UN); 8,598,561 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2011E—UN): TEGUCIGALPA (1,088,000).
Official Language: Spanish.
Monetary Unit: Lempira (market rate October 1, 2014: 21.24 lempiras = $1US).
President: Juan Orlando HERNÁNDEZ (National Party); elected on November 24, 2013, and inaugurated on January 27, 2014, for a four-year term, succeeding Porfirio LOBO Sosa (National Party).
First Vice President: Ricardo Antonio ÁLVAREZ Arias (National Party); elected on November 24, 2013, and inaugurated on January 27, 2014, for a four-year term, succeeding María Antonieta Guillen de BOGRÁN (National Party).