Republic of Guinea
République de Guinée
Political Status: Independent republic since October 2, 1958; under one-party presidential regime until military coup of April 3, 1984; multiparty constitution approved by referendum of December 23, 1990, providing for five-year transition to civilian government; constitution suspended following military coup of December 23, 2008; constitutional order restored following Supreme Court ratification of presidential election results in December 2010.
Area: 94,925 sq. mi. (245,857 sq. km).
Population: 12,053,600 (2014E—UN); 11,474,383 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2011E): CONAKRY (1,786,000).
Official Language: French, pending adoption of Soussou or Malinké. (Six other languages are also spoken.)
Monetary Unit: Guinean Franc (market rate October 1, 2014: 7020.99 francs = $1US).
President: Alpha CONDÉ (Rally of the Guinean People), elected after multiparty balloting on June 27 and November 7, 2010, and sworn in ...