Republic of Ghana
Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since March 6, 1957; under military control 1966–1969 and 1972–1979; Third Republic overthrown by military coup of December 31, 1981; constitution of Fourth Republic, approved in referendum of April 28, 1992, formally launched on January 7, 1993.
Area: 92,099 sq. mi. (238,537 sq. km).
Population: 26,783,316 (2014E—UN); 25,758,1089 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2011E—UN): ACCRA (2,263,785).
Official Language: English.
Monetary Unit: New Cedi (market rate October 1, 2014: 3.23 cedi = $1US).
President: John Dramani MAHAMA (National Democratic Congress); sworn in on July 24, 2012, to succeed John Evans Atta MILLS (National Democratic Congress), who died in office after being elected for a four-year term in runoff balloting on December 28, 2008, and January 2, 2009, and sworn in on January 7; ...