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Republic of El Salvador
República de El Salvador

Political Status: Part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala that declared independence from Spain in September 1821; member of the United Provinces of Central America that was launched in 1823; status as independent political entity formalized in constitution of 1841; the Republic of El Salvador formally established in constitution of 1859; constitution of 1962 suspended following the military coup of October 15, 1979; provisional government superseded following promulgation of new constitution on December 20, 1983; peace treaty with Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) guerrillas (effective February 1) signed January 16, 1992.

Area: 8,124 sq. mi. (21,041 sq. km).

Population: 6,340,454 (2014E—UN); 6,125,512 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011E): SAN SALVADOR (567,698), Soyapango (329,704), Mejicanos (224,661), San Miguel (183,733), Santa Ana ...

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