Cyprus: Turkish Sector
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Political Status: Autonomous federal state proclaimed February 13, 1975; independent republic (thus far recognized only by Turkey) declared November 15, 1983; TRNC constitution approved by referendum of May 6, 1985.
Area: Approximately 1,400 sq. mi. (3,626 sq. km).
Population: 294,906 (2011C), Turkish Cypriot census, which includes nonindigenous settlers (more than half of the total).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): LEFKOŞA (Turkish-occupied portion of Nicosia, 42,200), Gazi Mağusa (Famagusta, 37,100).
Principal Language: Turkish.
Monetary Unit: Turkish Lira (market rate October 1, 2014: 2.28 Turkish liras = $1US). Use of the Cyprus pound as an alternative unit of exchange was terminated on May 16, 1983.
President: Derviş EROĞLU (National Unity Party); elected in first round of popular balloting on April 18, 2010, and inaugurated April 23 for ...