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Republic of Croatia
Republika Hrvatska

Note: A presidential election on December 28, 2014, was followed by a run-off on January 11, 2015. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (Croatian Democratic Union) defeated incumbent president Ivo Josipović (Social Democratic Party of Croatia) in a close vote of 50.7 percent by 49.3 percent. Grabar-Kitarović was scheduled to be inaugurated on February 19 as the fourth president and first female president of Croatia.

Political Status: Former constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; constitution proclaiming Croatian sovereignty promulgated December 21, 1990; independence declared June 25, 1991; dissociation from Yugoslavia approved by the Croatian Assembly effective October 8, 1991.

Area: 21,829 sq. mi. (56,538 sq. km).

Population: 4,381,150 (2014E—UN); 4,470,534 (2014E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011E): ZAGREB (688,000), Split (167,000), Rijeka (128,000).

Official Language: Croatian.

Monetary Unit: Kuna ...

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