Republic of Cameroon
République du Cameroun
Political Status: Independence proclaimed 1960; federation established 1961; one-party unitary republic declared June 2, 1972; multiparty system introduced under legislation approved December 6, 1990.
Area: 183,568 sq. mi. (475,442 sq. km).
Population: 22,839,200 (2014E—UN); 23,130,708 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2014E—UN): YAOUNDÉ; (2,760,500), Douala (2,760,250).
Official Languages: French, English.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate October 1, 2014: 520.29 CFA francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Paul BIYA (Democratic Rally of the Cameroon People); served as prime minister 1975–1982; installed as president on November 6, 1982, to complete the term of Ahmadou Babatoura AHIDJO, who had resigned on November 4; reelected without opposition on January 14, ...