Kingdom of Bhutan
Political Status: Independent parliamentary monarchy; first formal constitution adopted June 2, 2008.
Area: 18,147 sq. mi. (47,000 sq. km).
Population: 764,001 (2014E—UN); 733,643 (2014E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2011E): THIMPHU (99,000, district).
Official Language: Dzongkha.
Monetary Unit: Ngultrum (official rate October 1, 2014: 61.65 ngultrum = $1US). The ngultrum is at par with the Indian rupee, which circulates freely within the country.
Monarch: Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUK; proclaimed king (Druk Gyalpo) on December 14, 2006, upon the voluntary abdication of his father, Jigme Singye WANGCHUK; crowned as constitutional monarch on November 6, 2008.
Prime Minister: Tshering TOBGAY (People’s Democratic Party); elected by his party on July 19, 2013, following the National Assembly election of July 13; assumed office on July 25, succeeding Jigme Yoser THINLEY (Bhutan Peace and Prosperity ...