International Criminal Court (ICC)

Cour Pénale Internationale (CPI)

Established: On July 1, 2002, founded by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court treaty.

Purpose: “The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an independent, permanent court that tries persons accused of the most serious crimes of international concern, namely genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

“The ICC is a court of last resort. It will not act if a case is investigated or prosecuted by a national judicial system unless the national proceedings are not genuine, for example if formal proceedings were undertaken solely to shield a person from criminal responsibility. In addition, the ICC only tries those accused of the gravest crimes.”

Headquarters: The Hague, Netherlands.

Principal Organs: Assembly of States Parties, Presidency, Judicial Divisions, ...

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