São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe

Political Status: Achieved independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975; constitution of November 5, 1975, revised in December 1982, October 1987, August 1990, and March 2003.

Area: 387 sq. mi. (1,001 sq. km).

Population: 187,303 (2013E—UN); 186,817 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2008E): SÃO TOMÉ (62,500).

Official Language: Portuguese.

Monetary Unit: Dobra (market rate November 1, 2013: 17,905.10 dobras = $1US).

President: Manuel PINTO DA COSTA (independent); directly elected in runoff balloting on August 7, 2011, and sworn in for a five-year term on September 3, succeeding Fradique de MENEZES (Democratic Movement of Forces for Change–Liberal Party). (Pinto Da Costa had previously served as president from independence in 1975 ...

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