Republic of Moldova

Republica Moldova

Political Status: Formerly the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; declared independence as the Republic of Moldova on August 27, 1991; became sovereign member of the Commonwealth of Independent States on December 21, 1991; new constitution approved on July 28, 1994, and entered into force on August 27.

Area: 13,000 sq. mi. (33,670 sq. km).

Population: 3,599,249 (2012E—UN); 3,619,925 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2013E): CHIŞINĂU (formerly Kishinev, 672,000), Tiraspol (158,000), Bălţi (145,000), Tighina (94,000).

Official Language: Moldovan.

Monetary Unit: Moldovan leu (official rate November 1, 2013: 12.89 leu = $1US).

President: Nicolae TIMOFTI (ind.); sworn in for a four-year term on March 23, 2012, and assumed office on the ...

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