Republic of Kenya

Jamhuri ya Kenya

Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since December 12, 1963; republic established in 1964; de facto one-party system, established in 1969, recognized as de jure by constitutional amendment on June 9, 1982; multiparty system approved by constitutional amendment on December 20, 1991; new constitution approved by referendum on August 4, 2011, providing for a mixed presidential-parliamentary system with a bicameral legislature.

Area: 224,960 sq. mi. (582,646 sq. km).

Population: 44,068,491 (2013E—UN); 44,037,656 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011E—UN): NAIROBI (urban area, 3,138,369); Mombasa (523,183).

Official Language: English (Kiswahili is the national language).

Monetary Unit: Kenyan Shilling (principal rate November 1, 2013: 85.50 shillings = $1US).

President: Uhuru KENYATTA (The National Alliance) elected by popular vote on ...

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