Political Status: Independent kingdom created in 1000; republic proclaimed in 1946; Communist People’s Republic established August 20, 1949; pre-Communist name revived as one of a number of constitutional changes approved on October 18, 1989.

Area: 35,919 sq. mi. (93,030 sq. km).

Population: 10,355,110 (2012E—UN); 9,939,470 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011): BUDAPEST (1,740,000), Debrecen (208,000), Szeged (168,000), Miskolc (168,000), Pécs (156,000), Györ (131,000).

Official Language: Hungarian.

Monetary Unit: Forint (official rate November 1, 2013: 220.58 forints = $1US).

President: János ÁDER; elected (as the candidate of the Federation of Young Democrats–Hungarian Civic Alliance and the Christian Democratic People’s Party [FiDeSz-MPP]) in first-round balloting by the National Assembly on May 2, 2010, sworn in for a five-year term on May 2 and ...

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