Republic of Honduras

República de Honduras

Note: In the presidential election of November 24, 2013, Juan Orlando Hernandez of the National Party secured 36.9 percent of the vote, followed by Xiomara Castro (Libre) with 28.8 percent. Castro challenged the results the following day, but on December 12, the High Electoral Court confirmed Hernandez’s victory.

Political Status: Part of the independent Captaincy General of Guatemala, 1821; member of United Provinces of Central America, 1824–1838; separate republic established 1839; present constitution promulgated January 20, 1982, following a decade of military rule.

Area: 43,277 sq. mi. (112,088 sq. km).

Population: 7,984,288 (2012E—UN); 8,448,465 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2011E—UN): TEGUCIGALPA (1,088,000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Lempira (market rate November 1, 2013: 20.42 lempiras = $1US).

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