Federal Republic of Germany

Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Note: Angela Merkel (Christian Democratic Union [CDU]) was sworn in for a third term as chancellor on December 17. Her CDU won the September 22 federal elections but were five seats short of a majority. After mooting an alliance with the Green party, Merkel spent nearly three months convincing the Social Democrats to form a coalition, which the SPD was initially reluctant to do, after suffering heavy electoral losses following its previous coalition with the CDU..

Political Status: Divided into British, French, Soviet, and U.S. occupation zones in July 1945; Federal Republic of Germany under democratic parliamentary regime established in Western zones on May 23, 1949; German Democratic Republic established under Communist auspices in Soviet zone on ...

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