Gabon

Gabonese Republic

République Gabonaise

Political Status: Independent since August 17, 1960; present constitution, providing for “semi-presidential” regime, adopted March 14, 1991.

Area: 103,346 sq. mi. (267,667 sq. km).

Population: 1,576,207 (2012E—UN); 1,640,286 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2005E): LIBREVILLE (metropolitan area, 659,000).

Official Language: French.

Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate November 1, 2013: 486.52 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 CFA francs = 1 euro.

President: Ali Ben BONGO Ondimba (Gabonese Democratic Party), elected in controversial balloting on August 30, 2009, resolved by Constitutional Court rulings on September 4 and October 12, succeeding Interim President Rose Francine ROGOMBÉ (Gabonese Democratic Party), who, on June 9, had constitutionally ...

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