Kingdom of Bhutan


Political Status: Independent parliamentary monarchy; first formal constitution adopted June 2, 2008.

Area: 18,147 sq. mi. (47,000 sq. km).

Population: 755,919 (2012E—UN); 725,296 (2013E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2011E): THIMPHU (99,000, district).

Official Language: Dzongkha.

Monetary Unit: Ngultrum (official rate November 1, 2013: 62.33 ngultrum = $1US). The ngultrum is at par with the Indian rupee, which circulates freely within the country.

Monarch: Dasho Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUK; proclaimed king (Druk Gyalpo) on December 14, 2006, upon the voluntary abdication of his father, Jigme Singye WANGCHUK; crowned as constitutional monarch on November 6, 2008.

Prime Minister: Tshering TOBGAY (People’s Democratic Party); elected by his party on July 19, 2013, following the National Assembly election of July 13; assumed office ...

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