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People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Ganaprojatantri Bangladesh

Political Status: Independent state proclaimed March 26, 1971; de facto independence achieved December 16, 1971; republican constitution of December 16, 1972, suspended following coup of March 24, 1982, but restored on November 10, 1986; parliamentary system (abandoned in favor of presidential system in January 1975) restored by referendum of September 15, 1991.

Area: 55,598 sq. mi. (143,999 sq. km).

Population: 153,501,050 (2012E—UN); 161,083,803 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): DHAKA (Dacca, 6,788,000), Chittagong (2,640,000), Khulna (881,000).

Official Language: Bangla (Bengali).

Monetary Unit: Taka (official rate November 5, 2012: 81.64 takas = $1US).

President: Mohammad Zillur RAHMAN (Awami League); as the only candidate, declared president-elect by the Election Commission on February 11, 2009, and sworn in the following day for a five-year term, succeeding Iajuddin AHMED (nonparty), whose ...

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