Republic of Armenia
Political Status: Armenian Republic established on November 29, 1920; joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 30, 1922; became a constituent republic of the USSR on December 5, 1936; independence declared by the Armenian Supreme Soviet September 23, 1991, following national referendum of September 21.
Area: 11,506 sq. mi. (29,800 sq. km).
Population: 3,198,806 (2012E—UN); 2,970,495 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): YEREVAN (1,102,000), Gumayri (formerly Leninakan, 149,000).
Official Language: Armenian.
Monetary Unit: Dram (market rate November 5, 2012: 406.57 drams = $1US).
President: Serzh SARKISIAN (SARGSYAN) (Republican Party of Armenia); directly elected in first round of balloting on February 19, 2008, and inaugurated for a five-year term on April 9 in succession to Robert KOCHARIAN (nonparty).