Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

al-Jumhuriyah al-Jazairiyah

al-Dimuqratiyah al-Shabiyah

Political Status: Independent republic since July 3, 1962; one-party rule established by military coup July 5, 1965, and confirmed by constitution adopted November 19, 1976; multiparty system adopted through constitutional revision approved by national referendum on February 23, 1989; state of emergency declared for 12 months by military-backed High Council of State on February 9, 1992, and extended indefinitely on February 9, 1993; three-year transitional period declared by High Security Council effective January 31, 1994, as previously endorsed by National Dialogue Conference; constitutional amendments approved by national referendum on November 28, 1996, in advance of return to elected civilian government via multiparty local and national legislative elections in 1997; state of emergency lifted February 24, 2011.

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Area: 919,590 ...

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