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Republic of Uzbekistan
Political Status: Eastern portion of Turkistan Soviet Socialist Republic detached on October 27, 1924, to form Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR); became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on May 12, 1925; declared independence as Republic of Uzbekistan on August 31, 1991; present constitution adopted on December 8, 1992.
Area: 172,740 sq. mi. (447,400 sq. km).
Population: 28,337,880 (2012E—UN); 28,394,180 (2012E—US Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): TASHKENT (2,167,000), Namangan (375,000), Samarkand (360,000), Andijan (323,000).
Official Language: Uzbek. Russian remains the principal everyday language.
Monetary Unit: Uzbekistani Som (market rate November 5, 2012: 1,956.22 som = $1US).
President: Islam A. KARIMOV (Liberal Democratic Party); elected to the new office of president by the Supreme Soviet on March 24, ...