United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Political Status: Constitutional monarchy, under democratic parliamentary regime.

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Area: 94,249 sq. mi. (244,104 sq. km), embracing England and Wales, 58,382 sq. mi. (151,209 sq. km); Scotland, 30,415 sq. mi. (78,775 sq. km); Northern Ireland, 5,452 sq. mi. (14,120 sq. km).

Population: 65,751,988 (2012E—UN); 63,047,162 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): England: LONDON (urban area, 7,396,000), Birmingham (971,000), Liverpool (464,000), Leeds (451,000), Sheffield (443,000), Bristol (426,000), Manchester (390,000); Wales: CARDIFF (300,000); Scotland: EDINBURGH (442,000), Glasgow (619,000); Northern Ireland: BELFAST (276,000).

Principal Language: English (Scottish and Irish forms of Gaelic are spoken in portions of Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively, while Welsh is spoken in northern and central Wales).

Monetary Unit: Pound Sterling (market rate November 5, 2012: 0.63 pound = $1US).

Sovereign: Queen ELIZABETH ...

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