Kingdom of Tonga

Fakatu’i ‘o Tonga

Political Status: Constitutional monarchy; independent within the Commonwealth since June 4, 1970.

Area: 289 sq. mi. (748 sq. km).

Population: 106,295 (2012E—UN); 106,146 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2005E): NUKU’ALOFA (39,300).

Official Languages: Tongan, English.

Monetary Unit: Pa’anga (official rate November 5, 2012: 1.72 pa’anga = $1US).

Head of State: King TUPOU VI; succeeded to the throne following the death of his father, King SIAOSI (GEORGE) TUPOU V, on March 18, 2012.

Crown Prince (Heir to the Throne): TUPOUTOU’A ‘ULUKALALA (eldest son of the king).

Prime Minister: Lord TU’IVAKANO; appointed (upon the recommendation of the Legislative Assembly) by the king on December 21, 2010, to succeed Feleti SEVELE following the legislative elections of November 25.

The Country

Located south of Samoa in the Pacific Ocean, Tonga (also known as the Friendly ...

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