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Republic of Togo
Political Status: Independent republic since 1960; personal military rule imposed in 1967; one-party state established November 29, 1969; Third Republic proclaimed on January 13, 1980, under constitution adopted in referendum of December 30, 1979; constitution suspended by a National Conference on July 16, 1991; multiparty constitution adopted by popular referendum on September 27, 1992.
Area: 21,622 sq. mi. (56,000 sq. km).
Population: 6,310,628 (2012E—UN); 6,961,049 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): LOMÉ (835,000).
Official Language: French.
Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate November 5, 2012: 513.15 francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Faure Essozimma GNASSINGBÉ (Rally of the Togolese People); elected on April 24, 2005, and inaugurated ...