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Kingdom of Thailand
Prathet Thai

Note: Considerable variation occurs in the English transliteration of Thai names. Where possible, Thai sources have been relied on, but these also present variations.

Political Status: Independent monarchy functioning under a constitution approved by popular referendum on August 19, 2007, validated by the Constitutional Drafting Assembly on August 21, and promulgated on August 24.

Area: 198,455 sq. mi. (514,000 sq. km).

Population: 5,209,408 (2012E—UN); 5,054,828 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2010E): BANGKOK (metropolitan area, 12,390,000).

Official Language: Thai.

Monetary Unit: Thai Baht (market rate November 5, 2012: 30.80 baht = $1US).

Sovereign: King BHUMIBOL Adulyadej (King RAMA IX); ascended the throne June 9, 1946; crowned May 5, 1950.

Heir Apparent: Crown Prince Maha VAJIRALONGKORN.

Prime Minister: YINGLUCK Shinawatra (For Thais Party); elected by the House of Representatives on August 5, 2011, ...

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