Republic of Tajikistan
Political Status: Designated autonomous republic within the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic on October 27, 1924; became constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on October 16, 1929; declared independence as Republic of Tajikistan on September 9, 1991; current constitution adopted by referendum on November 6, 1994.
Area: 55,250 sq. mi. (143,100 sq. km).
Population: 7,128,014 (2012E—UN); 7,768,385 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): DUSHANBE (598,000), Khujand (144,000).
Official Language: Tajik. Although the 1994 constitution accords Russian the status of a language of interethnic communication, a law passed in October 2009 requires all official government communication to be conducted in Tajik and states that all citizens should have a working knowledge of the language. Use of other languages in daily communication has not, however, ...