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Republic of Singapore
Xinjiapo Gongheguo (Chinese)
Republik Singapura (Malay)
Singapur Kutiyarasu (Tamil)

Political Status: Attained self-rule within the British Commonwealth June 3, 1959; joined in formation of Malaysia on September 16, 1963; independent republic since August 9, 1965.

Area: 246 sq. mi. (636 sq. km), including adjacent islets that encompass some 15 sq. mi. (39 sq. km).

Population: 5,259,252 (2012E—UN); 5,353,494 (2012 E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2005E): SINGAPORE (urban area, 4,296,000).

Official Languages: Chinese (Mandarin is the preferred form), English, Malay, Tamil.

Monetary Unit: Singapore Dollar (market rate November 5, 2012: 1.22 dollars = $1US).

President: Tony TAN Keng Yam (nonparty); declared president-elect on August 27, 2011; inaugurated on September 1 for a six-year term, following presidential elections on August 27, 2011, succeeding Sellapan Ramanathan NATHAN (nonparty).

Prime Minister: LEE Hsien Loong (People’s Action Party); ...

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