Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed on October 5, 1910; corporative constitution of March 19, 1933, suspended following military coup of April 25, 1974; present constitution promulgated on April 2, 1976, with effect from April 25.
Area: 35,553 sq. mi. (92,082 sq. km).
Population: 11,220,966 (2012E—UN); 10,781,459 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): LISBON (520,000), Porto (Oporto, 248,000).
Official Language: Portuguese.
Monetary Unit: Euro (market rate November 5, 2012: 0.78 euro = $1US).
President: Aníbal CAVACO SILVA (Social Democratic Party); popularly elected on January 22, 2006, and sworn in for a five-year term on March 9, succeeding Jorge SAMPAIO (Socialist Party); reelected on January 23, 2011.
Prime Minister: Pedro Passos COELHO (Social Democratic Party); designated by the president following legislative elections on June 5, 2011, and sworn in along with a ...