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Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Pyihtaungsu Thamada Myanmar Naingngandaw

Political Status: Independent republic established January 4, 1948; military-backed regime instituted March 2, 1962; one-party constitution of January 4, 1974, abrogated upon direct assumption of power by the military on September 18, 1988, at which time the words “Socialist Republic” (Socialist Thamada) were dropped from the country’s official name; official title in English changed from Union of Burma to Union of Myanmar on May 27, 1989; new republican constitution ratified through referendum of May 10 and 24, 2008, and promulgated May 29.

Area: 261,789 sq. mi. (678,033 sq. km).

Population: 49,104,754 (2012E—UN); 54,584,650 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2007E): NAYPYIDAW (NAY PYI TAW, 420,000); Yangon (Rangoon, 4,090,000), Mandalay (960,000). In November 2005 the military regime began moving government offices to ...

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