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Principality of Liechtenstein
Fürstentum Liechtenstein

Political Status: Independent principality constituted in 1719; current constitution promulgated October 5, 1921; established diplomatic association with Switzerland in 1919 and customs and currency association in 1923.

Area: 61.8 sq. mi. (160.475 sq. km).

Population: 36,713 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): VADUZ (5,010), Schaan (5,700).

Official Language: German (Alemannic).

Monetary Unit: Swiss Franc (market rate November 5, 2012: 0.94 franc = $1US).

Sovereign: Prince HANS-ADAM von und zu Liechtenstein II; assumed the executive authority of the sovereign on August 26, 1984; acceded to the throne at the death of his father, Prince FRANZ JOSEF II, on November 13, 1989. (On August 15, 2004, Prince Hans-Adam turned over most day-to-day governmental responsibility to Hereditary Prince Alois.)

Heir Apparent: Crown Prince ALOIS von und zu Liechtenstein.

Prime Minister (Chief of Government): ...

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