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Republic of Liberia

Political Status: Independent republic established in 1847; under de facto one-party system starting in 1878; martial law imposed on April 25, 1980, following coup of April 12; new constitution approved by national referendum on July 3, 1984 (with full effect from January 6, 1986 [the date of the inauguration of the new president]); constitution effectively voided by rebel action in mid-1990; Interim Government of National Unity (supported militarily by the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group [Ecomog]) sworn in November 22, 1990; State Council of Liberian Transitional National Government sworn in March 7, 1994; new six-member State Council sworn in September 1, 1995, following cease-fire agreement of August 19; amended version of 1995 cease-fire agreement signed by faction leaders on August ...

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