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Republic of Lebanon
al-Jumhuriyah al-Lubnaniyah

Political Status: Independent parliamentary republic proclaimed November 26, 1941, with acquisition of de facto autonomy completed upon withdrawal of French troops in December 1946.

Area: 4,036 sq. mi. (10,452 sq. km).

Population: 4,344,595 (2012E—UN); 4,140,289 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BEIRUT (1,300,000), Tarabulus (Tripoli, 215,000), Saida (Sidon, 151,000), Tyre (120,000).

Official Language: Arabic (French is widely used).

Monetary Unit: Lebanese Pound (market rate November 5, 2012: 1,505.48 pounds = $1US).

President: Gen. Michel SULEIMAN (Maronite Christian, ind.); elected and inaugurated for a six-year term by the National Assembly on May 25, 2008, to succeed Gen. Emile LAHOUD.

Prime Minister: Mohammad Najib MIKATI (ind.); designated by the president to form a government following the January 12, 2011, collapse of the previous government led by Saad Hariri. Mikati was sworn ...

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