Republic of Kenya

Jamhuri ya Kenya

Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since December 12, 1963; republic established in 1964; de facto one-party system, established in 1969, recognized as de jure by constitutional amendment on June 9, 1982; multiparty system approved by constitutional amendment on December 20, 1991; new constitution approved by referendum on August 4, 2011, providing for a mixed presidential-parliamentary system with a bicameral legislature.

Area: 224,960 sq. mi. (582,646 sq. km).

Population: 42,918,282 (2012E—UN); 43,013,341 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): NAIROBI (urban area, 2,725,000); Mombasa (798,000).

Official Language: English (Kiswahili is the national language).

Monetary Unit: Kenyan Shilling (principal rate November 5, 2012: 85.45 shillings = $1US).

President: Emilio Mwai KIBAKI (Party of National Unity) elected by popular vote on December 27, 2002, and inaugurated on December 30, ...

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