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Republic of Indonesia
Republik Indonesia

Political Status: Independent republic established August 17, 1945; original constitution reinstated by presidential decree in 1959; under modified military regime from March 12, 1966, until democratic multiparty system reestablished following change of government on May 21, 1998.

Area: 735,354 sq. mi. (1,904,569 sq. km).

Population: 246,687,319 (2012E—UN); 248,216,193 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): JAKARTA (9,230,000), Surabaya (2,675,000), Bandung (2,179,000), Medan (2,009,000), Palembang (1,648,000), Tangerang (1,590,000), Semarang (1,524,000), Ujung Pandang (formerly Makassar, 1,190,000), Malang (789,000), Padang (762,000), Yogyakarta (390,000).

Official Language: Bahasa Indonesia (a form of Malay).

Monetary Unit: Rupiah (market rate November 5, 2012: 9565.0 rupiahs = $1US).

President: Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (Democrat Party); elected on September 20, 2004, and inaugurated on October 20 for a five-year term, succeeding Megawati SUKARNOPUTRI (Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle); reelected ...

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