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Kingdom of Denmark
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy since 1849; under unicameral parliamentary system established in 1953.
Area: 16,629 sq. mi. (43,069 sq. km).
Population: 5,823,088 (2012E—UN); 5,543,453 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): COPENHAGEN (502,000; metropolitan area, 2,050,000).
Official Language: Danish.
Monetary Unit: Krone (market rate November 5, 2012: 5.84 kroner = $1US).
Sovereign: Queen MARGRETHE II; proclaimed queen on January 15, 1972, following the death of her father, King FREDERIK IX, on January 14.
Heir to the Throne: Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the queen.
Prime Minister: Helle THORNING-SCHMIDT (Social Democratic Party); appointed by the Queen on October 3, 2011, to succeed Lars Løkke RASMUSSEN (Liberal Party) following the general election of September 15; formed a coalition government on October 3.
Encompassing a low-lying peninsula and adjacent islands strategically situated at ...