Cyprus: Turkish Sector

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

Political Status: Autonomous federal state proclaimed February 13, 1975; independent republic (thus far recognized only by Turkey) declared November 15, 1983; TRNC constitution approved by referendum of May 6, 1985.

Area: Approximately 1,400 sq. mi. (3,626 sq. km).

Population: 256,644 (2006C); 274,000 (2010E), on the basis of Turkish Cypriot claims, which include nonindigenous settlers (more than half of the total). The latter figure has not been adjusted to accord with the 2006 census. The 2006 result has been challenged by Greek Cypriots, who base their estimates on the known Turkish population in 1974, augmented by natural increases plus an adjustment for emigration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): LEFKOŞA (Turkish-occupied portion of Nicosia, 42,200), Gazi Mağusa (Famagusta, 37,100).

Principal Language: Turkish.

Monetary Unit: Turkish ...

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