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Republic of Croatia
Political Status: Former constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; constitution proclaiming Croatian sovereignty promulgated December 21, 1990; independence declared June 25, 1991; dissociation from Yugoslavia approved by the Croatian Assembly effective October 8, 1991.
Area: 21,829 sq. mi. (56,538 sq. km).
Population: 4,569,447 (2012E—UN); 4,480,043 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): ZAGREB (687,000), Split (185,000), Rijeka (134,000).
Official Language: Croatian.
Monetary Unit: Kuna (market rate November 5, 2012: 5.88 kune = $1US).
President: Ivo JOSIPOVIĆ (Social Democratic Party of Croatia); elected in runoff balloting on January 10, 2010, and inaugurated on February 18 for a five-year term to succeed Stjepan MESIĆ (Croatian National Party).
Prime Minister: Zoran MILANOVIĆ (Social Democratic Party of Croatia); elected by the parliament and sworn in on December 23, 2011, to succeed ...