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République de Côte d’Ivoire
Note: In November 1985 the United Nations responded affirmatively to a request from the Ivorian government that Côte d’Ivoire be recognized as the sole official version of what had previously been rendered in English as Ivory Coast and in Spanish a Costa de Marfil.
Political Status: Independent since August 7, 1960; present constitution adopted October 31, 1960; under de facto one-party regime prior to legalization of opposition parties on May 30, 1990; constitution suspended and governmental authority assumed by the military following a bloodless coup on December 24, 1999; new constitution providing for a return to civilian government approved by national referendum on June 23–24, 2000.
Area: 124,503 sq. mi. (322,463 sq. km).
Population: 20,683,319 (2012E—UN); 21,504,162 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Center (2005E): Abidjan (4,100,000). In ...