Republic of Cameroon
République du Cameroun
Political Status: Independence proclaimed 1960; federation established 1961; one-party unitary republic declared June 2, 1972; multiparty system introduced under legislation approved December 6, 1990.
Area: 183,568 sq. mi. (475,442 sq. km).
Population: 20,559, 861 (2012E—UN); 20,129,878 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): YAOUNDÉ; (1,525,000), Douala (875,000).
Official Languages: French, English.
[Page 224]Monetary Unit: CFA Franc (official rate November 5, 2012: 513.15 CFA francs = $1US). The CFA franc, previously pegged to the French franc, is now permanently pegged to the euro at 655.957 CFA francs = 1 euro.
President: Paul BIYA (Democratic Rally of the Cameroon People); served as prime minister 1975–1982; installed as president on November 6, 1982, to complete the term of Ahmadou Babatoura AHIDJO, who had resigned on November 4; reelected without opposition on ...