Republic of Belarus

Respublika Belarus

Political Status: Formerly the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, a constituent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); declared independence on August 25, 1991; postindependence constitution entered into force on March 30, 1994; amended constitution declared to be in force by the government on November 27, 1996, following approval by national referendum on November 24.

Area: 80,155 sq. mi. (207,600 sq. km.).

Population: 9,841,253 (2012E—UN); 9,542,883 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2005E): MINSK (Miensk, 1,775,000).

Official Languages: Belarusan and Russian (the latter being the first language of most inhabitants).

Monetary Unit: Belarusan Ruble (official rate October 3, 2011: 7750.00 rubles = $1US). On January 2, 2009, the ruble was devalued by 20.5 percent against the dollar and pegged to a basket comprising, in equal weight, the ...

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