Azerbaijan Republic

Azerbaycan Respublikasy

Political Status: Azerbaijan Republic established under Turkish auspices in May 1918; joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as part of the Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Republic on December 30, 1922; became separate Soviet Socialist Republic on December 5, 1936; independence declared August 30, 1991, and confirmed October 18, 1991; new constitution providing for a strong presidential system adopted by national referendum on November 12, 1995, and entered into force November 27.

Area: 33,436 sq. mi. (86,600 sq. km.).

Population: 9,540,584 (2012E—UN); 9,493,600 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2005E): BAKU (1,820,000).

Official Language: Azeri (Azerbaijani).

Monetary Unit: Manat (official rate October 3, 2011: 1.28 manats = $1US). A new manat, equivalent to 5,000 old manats, was introduced in January 2006.

President: Ilham ALIYEV (New Azerbaijan Party); elected by popular vote ...

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