Republic of Uganda

Political Status: Independent member of the Commonwealth since October 9, 1962; republican constitution adopted on September 8, 1967; personal military rule (instituted on January 25, 1971) overthrown with establishment of provisional government on April 11, 1979; military regime installed on January 29, 1986; present constitution adopted on September 22,1995, with effect from October 8; amended by public referendum on July 28, 2005, to provide for multiparty system.

Area: 93,104 sq. mi. (241,139 sq. km.).

Population: 35,738,345 (2012E—UN); 35,873,253 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Center (2005E): KAMPALA (metropolitan area, 1,337,000).

Official Language: English (Swahili and Luganda are widely used).

Monetary Unit: New Shilling (principal rate October 3, 2011: 2,863.00 new shillings = $1US).

President: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (National Resistance Movement); sworn in on January 29, 1986, following the overthrow ...

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