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Republic of Mauritius
Political Status: Constitutional monarchy under multiparty parliamentary system established upon independence within the Commonwealth on March 12, 1968; became a republic on March 12, 1992.
Area: 790 sq. mi. (2,045 sq. km.).[Page 928]
Population: 1,332,432 (2012E—UN); 1,313,095 (2012E—U.S. Census).
Major Urban Centers (2005E): PORT LOUIS (151,000), Beau Bassin/Rose Hill (109,000), Vacoas-Phoenix (107,000), Curepipe (84,000), Quatre Bornes (81,000).
Official Language: English (French is also used, while Creole is the lingua franca and Hindi the most widely spoken).
Monetary Unit: Mauritian Rupee (official rate October 3, 2011: 29.25 rupees = $1US).
President: Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (Mauritian Socialist Movement); elected by the National Assembly on October 7, 2003, to complete the five-year term (which began on February 25, 2002) of Karl Auguste OFFMANN (Mauritian Socialist Movement), who had resigned on September 30, ...