Republic of Madagascar

Repoblikan'i Madagasikara (Malagasy)

République de Madagascar (French)

Note: Prime Minister Col. Albert Camille Vital resigned on October 17, 2011, but remained in place as the leader of a caretaker government. His successor, Omer Beriziky, was named on October 28, but remained engaged in negotiations over the formation of a new cabinet.

Political Status: Established as the Malagasy Republic within the French Community in 1958; became independent June 26, 1960; military regime established May 18, 1972; name of Democratic Republic of Madagascar and single-party system adopted in new constitution and Socialist Revolutionary Charter approved by national referendum on December 21, 1975; present name adopted in the new constitution of the Third Republic (codifying multiparty activity first authorized by presidential decree of March 1990) that was approved by ...

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