State of Kuwait

Dawlat al-Kuwayt

Political Status: Constitutional hereditary emirate; independent since June 19, 1961, save for occupation by Iraq from August 2, 1990, to February 26, 1991; draft constitution approved by the sovereign on November 1, 1962, and entered into force January 29, 1963.

Area: 6,880 sq. mi. (17,818 sq. km.).

Population: 2,646,314 (2012E—U.S. Census).

Major Urban Centers (2005E): KUWAIT CITY (32,000), Salmiya (145,000), Hawalli (107,000).

Official Language: Arabic.

Monetary Unit: Dinar (official rate October 3, 2011: 1 dinar = $3.70 US).

Sovereign (Emir): Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al—SABAH; inaugurated on January 29, 2006, after unanimous confirmation the same day by the National Assembly, following the abdication on January 24 of Sheikh Saad al-Abdallah al-Salim al—SABAH, his second cousin, who was in ill health. Sheikh Saad had become emir on January 15 ...

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