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Bangladesh

People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Ganaprojatantri Bangladesh

Political Status: Independent state proclaimed March 26, 1971; de facto independence achieved December 16, 1971; republican constitution of December 16, 1972, suspended following coup of March 24, 1982, but restored on November 10, 1986; parliamentary system (abandoned in favor of presidential system in January 1975) restored by referendum of September 15, 1991; state of emergency in effect from January 11, 2007, until December 17, 2008.

Area: 55, 598 sq. mi. (143, 999 sq. km.).

Population: 129, 247, 233 (2001C); 155, 606, 000 (2010E). Both figures include adjustments for underenumeration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): DHAKA (Dacca, 6, 788, 000), Chittagong (2, 640, 000), Khulna (881, 000).

Official Language: Bangla (Bengali).

Monetary Unit: Taka (official rate November 1, 2010: 70.61 takas = $1US).

President: Mohammad Zillur RAHMAN (Awami ...

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