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Argentina

Argentine Republic
República Argentina

Political Status: Independent republic proclaimed 1816; under military regimes 1966–1973 and 1976–1983; current constitution adopted August 22, 1994.

Area: 1, 068, 013 sq. mi. (2, 766, 889 sq. km.), excluding territory claimed in Antarctica and the South Atlantic.

Population: 36, 260, 130 (2001C); 40.519, 000 (2010E); excluding adjustments for under enumeration.

Major Urban Centers (2005E): BUENOS AIRES (12, 704, 000), Córdoba (1, 315, 000), Rosario (908, 000), La Plata (581, 000).

Official Language: Spanish.

Monetary Unit: Peso (official rate November 1, 2010: 3.95 pesos = $1US).

President: Cristina FERNÁNDEZ de Kirchner (Justicialist Party–Victory Front); elected on October 28, 2007, and inaugurated for a four-year term on December 10, 2007, succeeding Néstor Carlos KIRCHNER (Justicialist Party).

Vice President: Julio César Cleto COBOS (Radical Civic Union for Kirchner–Victory Front); elected on October ...

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