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Republic of Zimbabwe

Political Status: Became self-governing British Colony of Southern Rhodesia in October 1923; unilaterally declared independence November 11, 1965; white-dominated republican regime proclaimed March 2, 1970; biracial executive established on basis of transitional government agreement of March 3, 1978; returned to interim British rule on basis of cease-fire agreement signed December 21, 1979; achieved de jure independence as Republic of Zimbabwe on April 18, 1980.

Area: 150, 803 sq. mi. (390, 580 sq. km.).

Population: 11, 631, 657 (2002C); 13, 719, 000 (2010E). The 2002 figure appears to involve substantial underenumeration.

Major Urban Center (including suburbs, 2005E): HARARE (formerly Salisbury, 1, 527, 000).

Official Language: English (Shona and Sindebele are the principal African languages).

Monetary Unit: Zimbabwe Dollar (official rate November 1, 2010: 378.4 = $1US).

President: Robert Gabriel MUGABE ...

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